Turkey can be visited in all seasons. It
only depends on the climate
of the region (s) to be visited:
Istanbul is interesting all around the year.
Summers are hot, winters are cold and rainy.
The Aegean Region: summers are hot, winters
not to cold but rainy. Best season from April to
The Mediterranean Region: summers are hot, winters
are mild and rainy. Best season from March to November
but most of the resorts remain open during winter.
The Black Sea Region: summers are moderate hot,
winters are very rainy. Best season from May to
Central Anatolia: summers are hot with a
great difference between daytime and night temperatures.
Winters are cold. However in winter, one should
experience to visit Cappadocia under the snow. Best
season from April to October.
Eastern Anatolia: summers are hot and winters
are very cold. Best season from May to October.
GMT + 2 in winter, and GMT + 3 in summer (from the
end of March to the end of October).
January 1, 2005, six zeros have been removed
from the Turkish Lira (Türk Lirasi).
The new TL and old TL will be in joint circulation
during 2005 until the old TL is completely withdrawn
from circulation by the end of 2005.
The new currency unit is the YTL ("Y"
stands for Yeni, new in Turkish). One million
Turkish Lira (1.000.000 TL) is now equivalent
to one New Turkish Lira (1 YTL). The subunit
of the currency is the Yeni Kurus (Ykr).
YTL banknotes: YTL 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100.
Coins: YKr 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 1 YTL.
international currency code of the YTL has been
determined as TRY instead of the previous
Change can be done in international airports,
hotels, exchange offices (döviz bürosu have change
at better rates), and banks opened every day from
9.30 am to 12.00 am and from 13.30 pm to 17.00
pm except on Saturdays and Sundays.
It is preferable to pay with a credit card (widely
used in Turkey) for the purchase of items of value
such as carpets, jewels... the invoices of which
should be kept.
WEIGHT AND MEASURES
The Metric and Kilo system is used.
220 volts all over Turkey.
No vaccination required. Tap water is safe to
drink although highly chlorinated in the larger
cities. So it is advisable to drink bottled
water or mineral water. All kind of drugs
can be found in pharmacies called “eczane”
An international health certificate as well as
a certificate of booster vaccination against rabbies
WHAT TO BRING INTO YOUR LUGGAGE
In summer, light cotton clothes will be worn
during daytime. Light woollen garments can be
needed at night in Istanbul, the Aegean and
Mediterranean Costs. In Central and Eastern
Anatolia and in the Black Sea region warmer
garments are necessary at night. Raincoats and
coats are necessary in other seasons. Good walking
shoes, hat, sunglasses and sun creams are recommended.
Film rolls, but in case of film shortage, all
kind of films can be easily found. Film processing
is cheap and of good quality.
RULES TO BE OBSERVED
Photography is not allowed in certain places
such as frontier and military areas, docks,
airports. Inside mosques it is possible to take
pictures. During prayer time the visitor should
be more discreet. Decent clothing is required,
as well as a headscarf for the women (in most
of the mosque).
26 cities are served by Turkish
Airlines (THY) domestic flights.
Because the rail network is not very developed
in Turkey, instead there is a high number of
luxurious scheduled bus services throughout
Boats, sea buses and ferries operate some routes
between the main ports.
Taxis with taximeter are widely used everywhere
in the country. Night fare costs 50% more from
24.00 till 06.00.
In Istanbul, all kinds of transpotation are
used: yellow taximeter taxis, collective taxis
(dolmus), buses, minibuses, trains, trams, a
subway, a funicular, boats, sea buses and ferries.
The road network is good and well developed
with many main and secondary roads. A highway
is opened between Istanbul and Ankara, as well
as some other highway sections in different
regions of Turkey. In big cities, traffic is
generally heavy. On the main roads also, where
there are lots of trucks and buses.In Turkey
you drive on the right and the highway code
is the same as in European countries. The roadsign
“DUR” means STOP, and “YAVAS”
(written in big letters on the road) means SLOW
Handicraft is very reputed in Turkey where there
is a wide range of high quality items. Prices
are labeled but in the bazaars, bargaining is
still practiced. As an elementary ritual of
courtesy, you will be offered, by the shopkeeper,
tea served in small traditional
The following items are the most prized
and frequently purchased by foreign visitors:
Jewels and other golden and
silver items, precious and semiprecious
stones. The “NazarBoncuk”
is an eye made of a blue bead used
to ward off evil influences from
and suede have an exceptional
smoothness both in quality and prices:
coats, jackets, pants, shoes, bags,
and pieces of embroidery: silk,
precious materials, garments embroidered
with gold or silver threads,lace work,
coton fabrics, tablecloths, toweling...
tiles and pottery: plates, bowls,
jugs, vases, decorative wall tiles...
all with beautiful patterns and colors.
items of yellow, red color or tinplated:
trays, ewers, samovars, braseros,
tumblers, cans, coffee mills...
: the quality of onyx depends on the
color: brown-veined green onyx is
the best. Lots of items are made with
onyx: vases, plates, dishes, chess-boards
and pieces, eggs, lamp bases.....
Meerschaum used for the making
of beautifuly carved pipes.